An Overview of Blood Clots: Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatments, and Prevention

An Overview of Blood Clots: Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatments, and Prevention

Jul 01, 2021

When thinking about life-threatening health problems, you should not only be thinking about organ failures like kidney problems, heart disease, to mention a few but also about other health issues. Certain health issues that affect your blood can also threaten your life. Such include blood clotting problems.

If you have talked to a doctor in an ER near you, then you understand that both the lack of blood clots or too much thereof can dangerous to your body. Therefore, to ensure that your blood clots the right way without causing risky health issues, you must know how to detect an anomaly in the clotting of your blood.

What Is a Blood Clot? 

It is a condition where the blood changes from a liquid state to a semi-solid state. This clumping of the blood is not entirely a bad thing. It is a necessary process in the body that allows for healing and recovery when you have an open wound. When you are involved in traumatic injuries and accidents, it is the process of blood clotting in your body that prevents you from losing too much blood. Therefore, when your blood is not clotting properly, it is a risky condition that may need you to visit a Waxahachie emergency room for urgent treatment.

On the other hand, blood clotting that is not for the purpose of controlling bleeding on aiding healing can be life-threatening. This happens when your blood forms clots in one of your veins or arteries. The clots do not dissolve on their own, which is why you must visit an ER for blood clots as soon as you suspect this problem. If immobile, the blood clots may not pose much harm to your body. However, with time, the clots travel to different parts of your body as remain in your veins or arteries without treatment, hence proving as a life-threatening health issue.

Types of Blood Clots 

Given that blood clots can form in the veins or arteries, there are two main types of blood clots. Those that occur in the arteries are called arterial clots, while those that occur in the veins are called venous clots.

Arterial clots are considered the most life-threatening of all types. When they happen, they present symptoms immediately, and can quickly cause significant health problems if untreated. However, for venous clots, the build-up of the clots happens slowly and gradually. While they are still life-threatening like arterial clots, venous clots will take time before they sabotage your entire body’s system.

Symptoms of Blood Clots

Since your blood is excepted to clot as a natural process of the body, detecting where there is an anomaly in the clotting process is crucial. The symptoms you suffer will largely depend on the type of blood clot you have. Some of the symptoms that indicate blood clots in your veins or arteries include the following:

  1. Breathing difficulties
  2. Swelling in the affected area of your body – the larger the blood clot in your veins, the larger the area of swelling. For example, if you have a large clot in your leg, your entire leg will be swollen.
  3. Pain at the area of blood clots
  4. Lightheadedness and dizziness
  5. Coughing up blood
  6. Shortness of breath
  7. A warm sensation, tenderness, and swelling at the affected area
  8. Pain accompanied by minor calf swelling.

Risk Factors of Blood Clots

Although blood clots can form in anyone’s body, certain risk factors increase your probability of this problem. They include:

  1. Aging – the risks are higher for people over the age of 65
  2. Sitting for long hours – usually over 4 hours at a time. This is common for people who travel long distances.
  3. Bed rest that goes on for a long time
  4. Obesity – since it causes the inactivity of the body.
  5. Pregnancy
  6. Birth control methods
  7. Cancer
  8. A family history of blood clots

When to Call a Doctor 

Blood clots care in the ER is open for all patients. However, some patients require emergency treatment for blood clots more than others. To know that, you must reach out to your doctor immediately, consider the severity of your symptoms. Some of the factors to consider include the following:

  1. Severe and sudden shortness of breath and difficult breathing
  2. Chest pains
  3. Difficulty speaking

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