1. Food Poisoning
This is among the most common and most prevalent of the causes of vomiting and diarrhea— food poisoning. Food that is contaminated by bacteria, parasites, viruses, and infectious organisms release toxins that irritate your digestive organs.
Your digestive system’s way of defense against these toxins entails expelling, which results in diarrhea, vomiting, and/or both. These may also be a result of how contaminants can cause an imbalance in digestive operations.
Most food poisoning cases are on a less serious note. However, a majority of patients who go through them are brought to an emergency room Waxahachie recommends. This is because food borne illness can cause severe stomach ache and dehydration.
This intestinal infection is another common cause of digestive discomfort. Gastroenteritis occurs when the digestive system, or a number of its organs therein, become infected and inflamed. Infection and inflammation are usually linked to the presence of bacterial toxins, virus, synthetic chemicals, etc.
Viral gastroenteritis is frequently the outcome of ingesting contaminated food and liquids.
3. Bowel Obstruction
When a patient’s intestines (large or small) are clogged by gas, food, and/or liquids, bowel obstruction takes place. When these elements are impeded from being naturally expelled from the body, you will begin to feel stomach cramping and pain, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal swelling.
In many cases, severe diarrhea or severe constipation may transpire, in addition to the inability to pass gas.
4. Negative Reaction To Medication
This varies from patient to patient in terms of severity and duration. Nonetheless, having a negative reaction to certain medications can bring about an upset stomach. And this will include but is not limited to diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, and dry mouth.
You should urgently head to an emergency room near you for you to be prescribed a counter-medication, and to curb the negative side effects of the medicines you have taken.
5. Stress And Anxiety
When you are anxious and/or stressed, your body releases cortisol— the “stress hormone”. You may be familiar with what it does through its function called the “fight or flight” response.
This response pushes your systems to work doubly faster and harder, to cope with the source and/or amount of stress you encounter. Be that as it may, this response may make your digestive organs function in an unstable manner, too. This instability is what can bring about abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and/or IBS (irritable bowel syndrome).
Pancreatitis is the medical term for pancreas inflammation. It occurs when pancreatic enzymes are not transferred to your small intestines in a timely manner. It also occurs when the activation of digestive enzymes transpires too early, and while they are still inside the pancreas. The organ becomes irritated and inflamed, thus leading to pain in this region of the digestive system.
Gallstones are a common cause of pancreatitis as they obstruct the bile duct and keep pancreatic enzymes from reaching the small intestines.
2. Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is classified as an autoimmune disease in which the components in gluten impair the small intestines. Autoimmune diseases arise when a patient’s immune system attacks its healthy tissues.
The damages incurred by the small intestine due to celiac disease can be near-permanent if left untreated. So, if gluten causes you to have chronic stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, joint pain, lethargy and/or weakness, immediately contact an ER near you and have these symptoms diagnosed and treated.
When parts of the digestive tract contract small pockets along with their linings, you may be at risk of diverticulosis. Low fiber diets and/or high-fat food are the usual culprits in allowing the appearance, and later, the inflammation of, these pouches.
Besides frequent abdominal pain, bloody excretion, and painful and/or stinging urination are its usual symptoms.
When the appendix is infected and becomes inflamed, it will very quickly radiate intense pain. Bacteria and virus in the digestive tract, GI (gastrointestinal) tract infection, blockage in the large intestine, and tumors are possible causes.
Appendicitis is a medical emergency that warrants imperative care. If not, the pus and bacterial accumulation will build up and cut off the supply of blood. Continual swelling may lead to the rupturing of the appendix.