Similarities and Differences Between COVID-19 and Flu

Similarities and Differences Between COVID-19 and Flu

Nov 01, 2020

With the COVID-19 pandemic and changing seasons, you might not differentiate between coronavirus and flu infection. Both COVID-19 and flu have some similar symptoms. Therefore, you should consider visiting a 24-hour emergency room if you develop any symptoms for confirmatory tests.  In this article, you will learn the differences between flu and COVID-19.

Signs and Symptoms

Sometimes the signs and symptoms of COVID-19 differ from flu ones.

If you have the flu, you might experience symptoms one to four days from the day of infection. On the other hand, COVID-19 patients will show signs of the disease after one to fourteen days. However, the median incubation period for COVID-19 is five days. A cold flu incubation period lasts from one to three days.

Both children and adults have the same COVID-19 symptoms. However, children tend to show cold or flu-like symptoms such as runny nose and cough. The COVID-19 patients will show signs of high fever than those with flu.

Causes of Infection

Both respiratory infections are viral and highly contagious. COVID-19 is a result of a novel strain of coronavirus, while flu is caused by Influenza A or B virus.

Viruses are small microbes that survive by invading neighboring cells. The viruses multiply in the cells and increase your body’s viral load, thus the severity of the disease.

Severity and Mortality of COVID-19 and Flu

Both COVID-19 and Flu can cause mild to severe symptoms as well as lead to pneumonia.  Therefore, the WHO has classified some symptoms to indicate mild severity. Some of the mild signs of COVID-19 include:

  • Fever
  • Dry coughs and sore throat
  • Headaches
  • Breathlessness
  • Muscle pains and fatigue
  • Loss of sense of taste and smell

According to the World Health Organization, almost 15 % of COVID-19 cases are severe, and 5% is critical. For those in critical condition a critical condition after contracting coronavirus, the doctor might recommend the use of ventilators to breathe. On the other hand, flu cases are not likely to show severe signs.

Also, COVID-19 tends to have a higher mortality rate than the flu. Kids with COVID-19 can develop other complications such as multisystem inflammatory syndrome.

How Do COVID-19 and Flu Spread

Both diseases transmit through person to person contact. Also, both the flu and COVID-19 are viral.

Droplets containing the viruses land on surfaces, and after touching them, you might touch your face and contract the flu or coronavirus. In other cases, you might come into contact with the nasal and oral droplets of an infected person when they sneeze or cough.

Therefore, if you suspect you have made contact with an infected person, you should consider visiting the nearest emergency clinic in Waxahachie.

According to the WHO and CDC, you can contract both flu and coronavirus within six feet range from the infected person when they sneeze or cough.

World Health Organization research reports indicate that flu is easier to spread than SARS-Cov-2 and likely to show signs of earlier.

Approved Treatments

If you are hospitalized for flu or COVID-19 at Altus ER in Waxahachie, the doctor will provide supportive treatments for the symptoms. There are no approved cures for flu or COVID-19. Therefore, the doctor focuses on the symptoms separately.

If you have the flu and at high risk of developing complications, the doctor at an ER in Waxahachie can prescribe antiviral diseases to reduce the effects. On the other hand, if you have COVID-19, the doctor will only focus on symptom treatments since there are no approved antiviral agents for the coronavirus.

Prevention and Control

Prevention is the best cure. Therefore, you should focus on preventing the spread of the flu and COVID-19.

The best way to prevent influenza is through vaccination. COVID-19 has no approved vaccine yet. Therefore, you should consider precautionary measures as provided by the CDC and WHO.

Some of the measures you can take to prevent the spread of coronavirus include:

  • Regular handwashing with soap and clean running water
  • Consider alcohol-based hand sanitizers as an alternative for water and soap
  • Wear cloth masks when going out in public
  • Maintain social distance in public places
  • Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing
  • Disinfect surfaces

Emergency Room near Me

If you experience symptoms of influenza or COVID-19, you can contact a doctor at Altus Emergency Center in Waxahachie for tests and treatments.

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